Consider what rampless literally means. Well it means “no ramps” and if you were a Pyramid builder and knew a rampless method for construction there may well be many advantages.
Ramps are not mentioned in the ancient Egyptian records so why mention ramps here. Simply because in the last two hundred years various ramp theories have been invented and have persisted to the point of becoming world consensus of how Egyptian Pyramids were constructed.
Rampless Egyptian Pyramid construction by the ancient method is fully explained with a firm style aided by photographs and colour illustrations.
RAISING STONE 1: Paul Hai’s racks & pinions theory. ISBN 9780646476797
People continue to wonder what Ezekiel’s vision is about and some ideas are about alien spacecraft and the planetary motion of our solar system.
What would be the grandest event in the ancient history of the Middle East? What great structures have been erected in the Middle East where thousands of workers were employed who would return home and tell others what they saw and experienced? Priest Ezekiel’s writings originate in Babylon around 590 BC and his florid descriptions are very specific in many instances. For instance the “wheel within wheel” machines are “high and awesome having four rims with eyes all around.”
On September 12, 2007 the Mount Isa Star newspaper reported on my theory of Rampless Egyptian Pyramid construction. Ramps are not mentioned in any ancient documents regarding Giza Pyramid construction, so why countless ramp theories exist today is a bigger mystery than the Pyramid itself.
I was indoctrinated at university to read, and read again ancient documents. These documents have been compiled into very thick books. The professor wrote me a hand written letter stating that if I did not read and cite ancient documents I would be in trouble.
When my research work earned 80% and proved that what Herodotus had reported in ancient documents about Giza Pyramid construction to be valid the professor replied “I told you to read the ancient documents. I did not tell you to believe them.”
Herodotus visited Giza about 450 BC and walked around the Great Pyramid of Khufu. While in Giza he inquired to the historian priests about the construction of the Great Pyramid and made written reports in Classical Greek which have survived and the content is available today translated into English.
The people who invent ramp theories have a real problem with what Egyptian historian priests explained to Herodotus. Wooden machines were used to build the Pyramid and these machines carried Pyramid blocks step by step upward on the Pyramid, thereby using the Pyramid under construction progressively to the point of completion. The Great Pyramid was constructed in twenty years.
So in view of historical documentation, persistent ramp theorists have been forced to claim Herodotus was a liar, Egyptian historian priests had forgotten their Pyramid history by 450 BC and the translation from Egyptian to Classical Greek must have been faulty. The ramp theorists are totally misguided and those with university qualifications especially should be ashamed of their fairy-tales fed to us in technically looking documentary films and technically looking books.
In 1895 Archaeologist William Matthew Flinders Petrie was in the temple complex of Pharaoh Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahari when a cover was removed and in a hewn out rock some forty or fifty model items of ancient building trade tools were found. A wooden item was presented to Petrie for his storehouse in London which has become the Petrie Museum. This wooden item has been labelled “Petrie rocker, of unknown use” in museums worldwide.
Figure 1 – Petrie rocker – pinion-pulley lobe quadrant
Petrie and others considered this wooden item to be connected in some way to raising Pyramid blocks and my university research verified that four of these wooden items when fitted around a Pyramid block also form a rope-drum via wooden cross-pegs and when hoisted with a rope, rotate and step-walk with positive engagements of Pyramid steps. With a mechanical trade background in mechanics the method used to build the Giza Pyramids was rediscovered quite suddenly and unexpectedly in 2006 in Mount Isa on the Sunday afternoon of 27 August.
Figure 2 – The Ancient Egyptian Endless Wheelbarrow (on a rope) surrounding and raising a Pyramid block
Figure 3 – The earliest form of Rack & Pinion mechanics known. Stone racks and wooden pinions (and rope)
Mid 2007 I had an inkling Ezekiel’s vision of “a wheel within a wheel” is about Giza Pyramid construction and produced the image below which is included in my self-published book of 2007. (Raising Stone 1:Paul Hai’s Racks and Pinions Theory ISBN 9780646476797)
Figure 4 – Ezekiel writing very specifically about machines
“And this was their appearance: they had the form of men, 6 but each had four faces, and each of them had four wings. 7 Their legs were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the sole of a calf’s foot; and they sparkled like burnished bronze.”
When we read Ezekiel, of “men having feet like a calf’s foot” this is not about deformed people or aliens, but can be interpreted sensibly as men carrying or working with straight (wooden) leg apparatus strengthened with a bronze calf’s foot shaped attachment. This lifting apparatus is known as a claw-lift.
There are two centrally opposed edge located notches in the base of many Pyramid blocks where the bronze foot attachments were placed for lifting the blocks so the opened and laid flat pinion-pulley lobes, like an open four piece linked bracelet, could be pulled underneath, wrapped around a Pyramid block and closed, making it ready for its step-walk upward on the Pyramid’s steps.
Reference for the use of claw-lifts at Giza: The German Ernst von Sieglin expedition (1909-1910) papers published 1912 at Leipzig.
For U-TUBE video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXFy3ruPRUA
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In accordance with ancient Egyptian historical records, all ramp theories are null and void due to the LOW VOLUME of traffic that is possible on a ramp.
The records report construction time of Khufu’s Pyramid of just TWENTY years duration. Therefore if ancient Egyptian records are to be disregarded, by all means maintain these ramp theories and invent more !!!
The world of FICTION has its time and place in Hollywood style movies where distortion is everything to make a buck.
0:41 to 0:43 seconds shows part of an ancient pinion-pulley which was excavated in 1895 under the supervision of William Matthew Flinders Petrie in the Temple complex of Pharaoh Hatshepsut at El-Bahari in Egypt. This is a model, which was found covered in a hewn out rock along with other models of ancient Egyptian building industry equipment. Archaeologists know this artifact as a ‘Petrie rocker’. The technical term is a ‘pulley lobe quadrant’. Four pulley lobe quadrants make-up one pulley.
Giza Pyramid construction is the earliest known use of RACK & PINION mechanics. The Pyramid is the RACK component and there are four RACKS in a square base Pyramid. The PINONS are the wooden pinion-pulleys which engage with the stone RACKS on all four sides. (Racks being the stepped sides of the Pyramid). Using forty pulleys the Great Pyramid of Khufu was constructed in twenty years as historical documents report, now verified. Construction was begun almost immediately as ramps were NOT required.
From the very first layer of blocks the ancient pulleys begin to step-walk when hoisted, thus using a Pyramid under construction to build a Pyramid, step by step, layer by layer. Ramps of any description are NOT required. Elegant and simple logic, just as expected of the brilliant ancient Egyptian engineers. Using a Pyramid to build a Pyramid is the core logical element of ancient Egyptian Giza Pyramid construction. All ramp theories for Giza Pyramid constructions are modern inventions due to associative impulse thinking (sand dunes) accompanied with sheer fantasy. Ramps are NOT mentioned in ancient Egyptian historical documents.
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